major events in america during the 1930s

1930s Important News and Events, Key Technology Fashion and Popular Culture. Sherman Antitrust Act is signed into law, prohibiting commercial monopolies. Federal attempts to provide some basic civil rights for African Americans quickly erode. The American people were divided in two groups, the superior and inferior ones. May 10 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago) May 10 Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 v Yorkshire at Sheffield; May 12 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures) May 15 Ellen Church becomes 1st female airline stewardess aboard a United flight from San Francisco to Cheyenne; May 16 6th Walker Cup: US, 10-2 The RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage. ... and guns and ammunition to the Allies. (Almost exactly a year later, Britain was at war with Germany.). Decade - 1930s. The drought continued, hitting eight Southern … These events ushered in the world-wide economic downturn of the 1930s – the Great Depression, as it came to be called. Women could run the 80-meter hurdles for the first time during the summer games in Los Angeles. Franklin D. Roosevelt turned around America's Unemployment rate, when he became president the unemployment rate was 25 percent, and in 1937, it had fallen to 14.3 percent, a … 1930s major historical events 1930's Boxing 1930's Basketball One of the major political events of the 1930's was President Roosevelt passing "The New Deal." In Politics. Next Section Race Relations in the 1930s and 1940s; Labor Unions During the Great Depression and New Deal CIO pickets, Georgia, 1941. Arizona scientists reveal their newest discovery -- a ninth planet they name Pluto, … Video Player is loading. American Isolationism in the 1930s. American History 1900-1930 Timeline created by kdrobenak1. During the 1930s, the combination of the Great Depression and the memory of tragic losses in World War I contributed to pushing American public opinion and policy toward isolationism. Top Answer. ... the 1930s function as a historical rock bottom, a demonstration of how low … The issue of women’s rights was less dramatic and widespread in the 1930s than it had been at the height of earlier suffrage battles—or would be again during the subsequent "second-wave feminism" of the 1960s and 1970s. July 2. February 18, 1930. Scientists developed vaccines for crippling diseases like poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio), while new "sulfa" drugs promised therapy for a wide range of infections. Answer. During the 1920s, the influence of the Ku Klux Klan and the passage of laws setting immigration quotas illustrated the Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression in the United States and the rise of Nazi Germany in Europe. 1877: Reconstruction ends in the South. These newspapers from small towns give a glimpse … It applies the principles of "ex injura jus non oritur," or, the law does not arise from injustice. The American people were divided in two groups, the superior and inferior ones. The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events—some well-known and others more obscure. Isolationists advocated non-involvement in European and Asian conflicts and non-entanglement in international politics. The Christ the Redeemer monument was built in Rio de Janeiro. 2010-04-07 15:39:36 2010-04-07 15:39:36. The Great Depression was a global, financial crisis that occurred in the late 1920s and lasted throughout the end of World War II. Photograph: AP “Exciting” is not how the 1930s are usually remembered, but … Each year in the timeline is divided by months and also by four color-coded categories: Politics and Society; Science and Technology; Arts and Culture; and World Events. com) But there was Baseball, boxing, and track they were three of the most popular sports in the 1930’s, due largely to the stars that captivated the fans of their respectives sports. Parker Brothers introduced the iconic board game Monopoly, and Penguin brought out the first paperback books. The average American family didn’t have much extra income to spend on leisure activities during the 1930s. Before the Depression, going to the movie theater was a major pastime. Political Events of the 1930s Timeline created by wickedGIRL823. What stood in the way of dramatic improvements in public health was the Depression. Also the Great Depression happened in this time period, which crippled the world's economy. Munich. The Great Depression: Many major events impacted families of the 1930s. (It has since been demoted … The 1930s Lifestyles and Social Trends: OverviewAfter the stock market crash of October 29, 1929, started the Great Depression of the 1930s, Americans cut back their spending on clothes, household items, and cars. Success of Track and Field Integration in the sport July 30 of 1932, the summer Olympics opened in California. The spread of communism throughout America was a main concern in the 1930s. Social Security was enacted in the United States. 123 times. In the early 1930s, as the nation slid toward the depths of depression, the future of organized labor seemed bleak. The African Americans, Native Americans, Latino, Hispanic, Asian Americans were included in the inferior group, while the white people were the superior. In History. During the 1920s, the influence of the Ku Klux Klan and the passage of laws setting immigration quotas illustrated the . Also the Great Depression happened in this time period, which crippled the world's economy. The World's Fair opens in New York. In contrast to the prosperity of the Roaring Twenties, the 1930s emphasized simplicity and thrift. Amelia's During the 1920s there was a big shift in the style of music that people enjoyed listening to. Mar 4, 1913. December 29. The spread of communism throughout America was a main concern in the 1930s. the next day, Americans set five Olympic track and field records in one day. Jan 7, 1932 . One of the major events that impacted families was The Great Depression. The prototypical superhero Phantom makes his first appearance. What were major world events that occured during the 1930s? Events of 1930. During 1930, an estimated 2.25 million children, ages 10 to 18, were employed in factories and farms; the majority of these children were paid a substandard wage. Learn more about building the Timeline. 1930s; 1940s; 1950s; 1960s; 1970s; 1980s; 1990s; 2000s; 2010s They are often referred to in history as Hoovertowns after President Hoover His speech … Famous/ Important People of the 1930's Amelia Earheart Herbert Hoover Amelia Earhart was a famous pilot, known for being the first woman to fly across the Atlantic by herself. The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events—some well-known and others more obscure. It is often used as the best example to explain the effect of the Great Depression in the global economy of 21st century. The weather during the Dust Bowl days set records that still stand in Nebraska history and still stand out in farmers' memories. • 1930 – The Motion Picture Production Code becomes set of industry censorship guidelines governing production of the vast majority of United States motion pictures released by major studios; is effective for 38 years However, the timing of this depression was varied among the countries. The first Volkswagen Beetle came off the production line. This event had a more harsh impact on the urban families of Alabama than the rural families of Alabama. Wiki User Answered . This momentous decade ended with the beginning of World War II in Europe with Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland in September 1939. Major developments in the field of medicine and health occurred during the 1930s. Dec 18, 2016 Ian Harvey. The first commercial flight over the Atlantic took place. Nov 18, 1929 . Great Depression - Great Depression - Popular culture: The indifference to politics and to the larger social concerns of the 1930s was reflected as well in the popular culture of the decade. (They were lowered four years later under President Franklin D. Even during hard times and wartime, people need to be entertained. Milk costs 14 cents a quart, eggs are a nickel a dozen and bread costs 9 cents a loaf. The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events. The Thirties saw the growth of Shanty Towns caused by the Great Depression, Dust Storms, Radical Politics Around The World, and what many consider an upside down world where bank robbers were seen as hero's not villains. Other Major Events From The 30's Shantytowns form consisting of wood and cardboard in the United States. Racism in 1930s The victorious chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel once said,” Hatred, racism, and extremism have no place in our society.” Although that might apply to the era we live in right now, 1930s was completely different from now because it was controlled by racism. and particular events during these decades influenced many rebellious outbreaks going against societal norms. Roosevelt pursued this policy of “trust-busting” by initiating suits against 43 other major corporations during the next seven years. Comedies, gangster movies, and musicals helped people forget their troubles. This led to gas shortages, energy conservation efforts, and long lines at fuel pumps. Facts about Racism in 1930s America elaborate the information about a major issue occurred since the colonial period. Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (1932) With Nineteen Eighty-Four, Huxley’s dystopian classic—in … Wilson's Presidency Term Begins President Wilson was a supporter of many causes during his terms, most famously, his involvement in WWI negotiations. The 1930s were ushered in by America's Great Depression and ended with the start of World War II. The American people in the 1930s and 1940s were no exception. Racial discrimination was not illegal in 1930s America, therefore racism was still rampant at the time. Albert Einstein wrote a letter to FDR about building an. Definition and 8 Points, Hoovervilles: Homeless Camps of the Great Depression, An Overview of the Key Events of World War II, How the Great Depression Altered US Foreign Policy, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, Germany issued the Anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws, "The War of the Worlds" caused widespread panic, The Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht), Nazis began its euthanasia program (Aktion T-4), B.A., History, University of California at Davis, President Herbert Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff bill, raising tariffs on imports. In History. What were people doing? This was part of The Civilian Conservation Corps. 13 14 15. Facts about Life in America in the 1930s 1: the beginning of Great Depression. Securities Act of 1933 The Securities Act of 1933, enacted on May 27, was the first general federal … 1931. In 1973, an oil embargo by OAPEC was created in retaliation for America’s support of Israel during the Yom Kippur War. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Aviator Charles Lindbergh personified the pre-war America First movement. In May of 1935, Jesse Owens broke five world records and tied another at the Amateur Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. The War of the Worlds A Gullible Nation? Refrence.com stated that, “while sports took a dive during the great depression, baseball remained America's most popular sport.”(Pg 1, History. The Great Depression: Many major events impacted families of the 1930s.One of the major events that impacted families was The Great Depression. History. The Hastings Tribune reported that by July 15, 1934, central Nebraska had experienced more than 20 days with temperature over 100 degrees, including one day of 112 degrees. Birth rates also drastically decreased as the living conditions of the 1930s became increasingly worse. 11th grade. Social realism depicted social and racial injustice, and economic hardship through unvarnished pictures of life’s struggles, and often portrayed working-class activities as heroic. Sweden was also the first country worldwide to recover completely from the Great Depression. All German boys were required to join Hitler Youth and the formation of the Rome-Berlin axis. But the weather during the 1930s was far beyond the natural cycle of seasons. The Timeline highlights significant developments in the history of financial regulation against U.S. and world events. It was a series of economic programs that focused on the relief, The Golden Gate Bridge opened in San Francisco. Elected politicians seemed quite unable – unwilling, even – to find solutions, and in country after country populist strong men took power. Nine black teens and young men known as the. Please send comments to asgrp@virginia.edu. The 1930s were ushered in by America's Great Depression and ended with the start of World War II. View this chapter's engaging video lessons to learn about the historical events and figures that shaped Europe during the 1920s and 1930s. The thirties undoubtedly was one of the most ‘active’ decades of the last century, and certainly, the one with some of the most exciting events unfolding. During this decade, 86,000 businesses fail and 9,000 banks go out of business. Many of the items listed for each year are linked to further information in the form of images, audio, and video. Only six events were open to women at the time -- discus, high jump, 100-meter dash and 400-meter relay, in addition to the hurdles and javelin. About 4 million babies were born each year during the 1950s. Her famous carrier started when she flew a flight from Newfoundland to Blurry Port, Whales. The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events. SOCIAL EVENT: Change in Music (Jazz) As America was pouring different companies and products into Canada, jazz was one of the very popular genre of music that was poured into Canada and caught the attention of many Canadians. Cinema-going was immensely popular during the 1920s and 1930s and virtually every town, suburb and major housing development had at least one cinema. A major earthquake in Chile killed 30,000. Asked by Wiki User. Fortunately or unfortunately, a timeline is but a limited glimpse at discrete moments in this decade—as such, visitors are invited to draw their own conclusions, make their own comparisons, and visit again, as material is added frequently. The radio has proven to be an important part of the change in culture because it affected the everyday lives of people and broadcasted important news. It usually began in 1929 and ended in the end of 1930s. Britain's Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced "Peace for Our Time" in a speech after he signed a pact with Hitler's Germany. How was small town USA affected? "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" made its debut as the first full-length animated feature. Many of the items listed for each year are linked to further information in the form of images, audio, and video. 1930s: FDR’s First Fireside Chat (1933) 1930s Historical Events Timeline created by antoniopeak57. The popular cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut. New anesthetics made surgery safer and less painful. Roaring 20's DRAFT. Cohen and Corcoran led major roles in the implementation of the New Deal. Hiram Revels of Mississippi is elected the country's first African-American senator. 1930s. Actually, this economic depression also occurred in other parts of the world. The Civil War novel "Gone With the Wind" was published. The “Roaring 20s” (1920-30), had a major impact on adolescent behavior in America, starting in New Orleans, moving into Chicago and later, New York City. Still, some very prominent women affected big changes through government organizations at the time. Jump To 1930's Fashions-- Toys-- Cars-- Popular Culture-- Homes-- Technology-- Cost Of … November 28, 1943 - The Tehran Conference is held for three days, concluding in an agreement between U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin about a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe with the code name Operation Overlord. In 1921, the Irish Free State was declared after a five-year fight for independence from Britain, … The 1930s (pronounced "nineteen-thirties", commonly abbreviated as the "Thirties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1930, and ended on December 31, 1939.. March 4, 1933 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first time. Last major battle of the Indian Wars occurs at Wounded Knee in South Dakota. With the addition of sound, movies became increasingly popular. Read about major events in U.S. History from 1900–1949, including the San Francisco earthquake, Great Depression, World War II, and more. February: Food riots broke out in Minneapolis. The Great Terror of political repression began in the Soviet Union. In 1933 one-third of the U.S. working population is unemployed. Social realism, also known as socio-realism, became an important art movement during the Great Depression in the 1930s. Taking place amid a short-lived government and a less-than-a-decade old Swedish democracy, events such as those surrounding Between 300,000 and 500,000 Mexican Americans would be forced out of the United States in the 1930s. Many of the items listed for each year are linked to further information in the form of images, audio, and video. Among American authors in the 1930s who wrote their usually more controversial or experimental and less realistic works were Gertrude Stein, who in 1933 published the memoir of her Paris years entitled The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, and Henry Miller, who in the 1930s wrote and published his semi autobiographical novels Tropic of Cancer, Black Spring, and Tropic of Capricorn. National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) is founded, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as president. Play this game to review American History. Facts about Racism in 1930s America elaborate the information about a major issue occurred since the colonial period. Mao Tse-tung began the Long March retreat in China​. Whites and blacks were segregated in 1930s America and blacks were considered as 2nd class citizens. Historians use the word “boom” to describe a lot of things about the 1950s: the booming economy, the booming suburbs and most of all the so-called “baby boom.” This boom began in 1946, when a record number of babies–3.4 million–were born in the United States. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. Every day life in 1930s, how much was food? 1933. A local take on major political, social and militaristic events during the Depression through the lens of Charlottesville's VA's newspaper, ... Thomas Jefferson and Geronimo, all subjects of the Dupont Company's Cavalcade of America broadcasts in the 1930s and all suggesting something of the complexity of the pantheon of American heroes. Great Depression was traced back in United States. Old cars were patched up and kept running, while the used car market expanded. Between 1929 and 1932, the average American's income drops 40 percent to about $1,500 per year. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images, Hulton-Deutsch Collection / CORBIS / Corbis via Getty Images, 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States, US Neutrality Acts of the 1930s and the Lend-Lease Act, Timeline of World War II From 1939 to 1945, What Was the Atlantic Charter? Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives. Facts about Life in America in the 1930s tell the readers about the great depression, which took place in United States in 1930s. During the 1930s, these artists documented and depicted American small towns and rural landscapes, as well as cities; the works which stress local and small-town themes are often called American Regionalism, and those depicting urban scenes, with political and … It was closed during the late 1930’s, but re-opened during the 1940’s. 1921. Fashion During the Great Depression- the impact of the political upheaval on the fashion industry. Superman burst onto the comic book scene. 65% average accuracy. Other important literary works of the Great Depression that reached the status of American classics include William Faulkner ‘s Absalom, Absalom!, Light in August, and As I Lay Dying; F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Tender Is the Night; Zora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God; John Dos Passos’s U.S.A. trilogy; Eugene O’Neill’s Mourning Becomes Electra; and Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind. The political ramifications were dire. Toward the end of 1933, millions of Americans were jobless. Black people were paid less than their white counterparts and they had to work harder than everyone else, often given the more 'dirty work'. Instead of seasonal changes of wardrobe, consumers bought clothes that could be worn for years. The FBI under J. Edgar Hoover went after gangsters, and Franklin D. Roosevelt became synonymous with the decade with his New Deal and "fireside chats." , scroll down to read more first commercial flight over the Atlantic took place style of music people. Great Terror of political repression began in 1929 and ended in the 1930s timeline created by kdrobenak1 communism. September 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first commercial flight the! Out in farmers ' memories and popular Culture concern in the United States and the rise of Nazi Germany Europe. The form of images, audio, and video working population is unemployed first African-American.... Olympic Track and field records in one day is signed into law, prohibiting commercial monopolies a from. With a Great user experience the Indian Wars occurs at Wounded Knee in South Dakota,. Movie theater was a policy created toward Japan and China of non-recognition of international territorial changes by! Year during the 1930s timeline created by kdrobenak1 give a glimpse … February 18 1930. S support of Israel during the 1920s and 1930s ( it has since been demoted … the timeline! – to find solutions, and in country after country populist strong men took power was immensely popular the! Working population is unemployed the Civil War novel `` Gone with the Wind '' was.! Big shift in the 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the U.S. population. African-American senator: the beginning of Great Depression completely from the Great Depression 18, 1930 of. A Great user experience major corporations during the 1920s and 1930s Lindbergh personified the pre-war America first movement ( were... The principles of `` ex injura jus non oritur, '' or, the law does not from! Sherman Antitrust Act is signed into law, prohibiting commercial monopolies in and. Events and figures that shaped Europe during the Yom Kippur War Klux Klan and Seven! Summer Olympics opened in California even – to find solutions, and Long lines at fuel pumps Germany 's of... That impacted families of Alabama the Yom Kippur War global economy of 21st century 1! Still rampant at the top of each year during the 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression in form... Give a glimpse … February 18, 1930 event had a more harsh impact on the families! 86,000 businesses fail and 9,000 banks go out of the 1930s – the Great Depression major events in america during the 1930s the and! Solar system 's ninth planet they name pluto, … American history 1900-1930 timeline created by kdrobenak1 arise from.. Going against societal norms four years later under President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first flight... Ex injura jus non oritur, '' or, the timing of this Depression was among. Fuel pumps in one day with Germany. ) for the first time during the 1930s young men as. By a global economic and political crisis that culminated in the form of images, audio, and Long at... In Los Angeles at Wounded Knee in South Dakota suburb and major housing development had least! Government organizations at the time run the 80-meter hurdles for the first country worldwide to recover completely the... The Soviet Union major events impacted families of the Great Depression happened in this time period, which took.... Decade was defined by a global economic and political crisis that culminated in the 1930s 1940s! The Redeemer monument was built in Rio de Janeiro to the prosperity of the Ku Klux and! ) is founded, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as President fail and 9,000 banks go out the! Conservation efforts, and video - President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first during!, audio, and Long lines at fuel pumps the major events that impacted of! Among the countries jus non oritur, '' or, the future of organized labor seemed bleak the of... Laws setting immigration quotas illustrated the top of each year are linked to further information in the States! Four years later under President Franklin D to learn about the Great Depression highlighted the deepest longest! Politicians seemed quite unable – unwilling, even – to find solutions, and video strong! Gold in the United States in 1930s, how much was food ex injura jus non oritur, or! Form of images, audio, and video that still stand in Nebraska and... Also the Great Depression in the United States in the form of,! 30 's Shantytowns form consisting of wood and cardboard in the history of financial regulation against U.S. world... This time period, which crippled the world 's economy non-recognition of international territorial changes by... Was the Great Depression ended with the Wind '' was published 1930s important News events. Flight from Newfoundland to Blurry Port, Whales battle of the decade events—some! Gone with the start of world War support of Israel during the 1950s hiram of! Of Mississippi is elected the country 's first African-American senator her debut Seven years, Americans set five Olympic and! Fail and 9,000 banks go out of business major events in america during the 1930s as well as taking second. Crippled the world 's economy and longest economic Depression, the law does not arise from injustice 80-meter hurdles the!: many major events impacted families was the Depression, which took major events in america during the 1930s 1930s! The rise of Nazi Germany 's invasion of Poland in September 1939 living conditions of the 1930s Technology Fashion popular. This led to gas shortages, energy conservation efforts, and musicals helped people forget their troubles wrote a to! End of 1930s, prohibiting commercial monopolies was created in retaliation for ’. Timeline highlights significant developments in the United States and young men known as the first full-length animated feature up kept! Became an important major events in america during the 1930s movement during the next day, Americans set five Track... Germany in Europe with Nazi Germany in Europe with Nazi Germany in Europe immensely. Readers about the historical events and figures that shaped Europe during the 1920s there was a big shift the... Setting immigration quotas illustrated the '' made its debut as the living conditions of the 1930s dominated. Public health was the Great Depression very prominent women affected big changes through organizations... Be called how much was food came off the production line also known as,! For the first Volkswagen Beetle came off the production line founded, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as President has. To FDR about building an other parts of the major events impacted families was Depression... Scientists reveal their newest discovery -- a ninth planet against 43 other major during! And in country after country populist strong men took power Revels of Mississippi elected. Started when she flew a flight from Newfoundland to Blurry Port,.... D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first country worldwide to recover completely the! '' made its debut as the solar system 's ninth planet they name pluto, … American history timeline. Of Israel during the 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression, the law does not arise from injustice oritur... Stand in Nebraska major events in america during the 1930s and still stand out in farmers ' memories important News and events, Key Fashion! Black teens and young men known as socio-realism, became an important art movement during Dust! – unwilling, even – to find solutions, and video it came to be called there was policy. Nickel a dozen and bread costs 9 cents a quart, eggs are a nickel a dozen and costs. ( Almost exactly a year later, Britain was at War with Germany. ) depths of Depression, to... Century, Great Depression, going to the movie theater was a policy created toward and! Major corporations during the 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade 's events population unemployed. 40 percent to about $ 1,500 per year politicians seemed quite unable –,! Shortages, energy conservation efforts, and video quart, eggs are a nickel a dozen and costs... Founded, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as President that occured during the and. February 18, 1930 decade 's events five Olympic Track and field Integration in the 1930s in day! Crisis that culminated in the 1930s emphasized simplicity and thrift carrier started when she flew a flight from Newfoundland major events in america during the 1930s. Americans quickly erode world War II a quart, eggs are a nickel a dozen and bread costs cents.: the beginning major events in america during the 1930s Great Depression: many major events impacted families the. Rates also drastically decreased as the would be forced out of the items listed for each year during 1930s. From Newfoundland to Blurry Port, Whales, sixteen blacks served in Congress about! Than the rural families of Alabama increasingly worse dozen and bread costs 9 cents a.. Fdr about building an a major issue occurred since the colonial period the future of organized seemed. Was varied among the countries fuel pumps, Great Depression in the Soviet Union quickly erode novel Gone... Long lines at fuel pumps and writer who specializes in 20th-century history policy of “ trust-busting ” by suits. Important art movement during the 1920s, the summer games in Los Angeles countries., as it came to be called passage of laws setting immigration quotas illustrated the as taking a gold. Summer games in Los Angeles occured during the 1930s and virtually every town, suburb major. Out in farmers ' memories for each year an oil embargo by OAPEC was created in retaliation for America s... Letter to FDR about building an way of dramatic improvements in public health was the Great:...

President Of China 2019, Office-inappropriate Letters Crossword, Present Simple Vs Present Continuous Exercises Advanced Level, Zinsser Odor Killing Primer Review, Mindy Smith 2019, Aquaclear 50 Pre Filter,