percentage of brahmins in west bengal

Like I have mentioned earlier most Bengali Brahmins especially those residing in West Bengal are non-vegetarians and fish is a staple diet. A very high percentage of 72.22% among Bengali Brahmins hints at its presence as a founder lineage for this caste group” It is very interesting to note that history of Bengal is primarily dominated by “Kulin Brahmins”, be it literary field, or scientific field or Medical or Engineering field or in Judiciary area or in … Utkal Brahmins – They are mostly found in Orrisa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Chattisgarh. Ramesh Bairy (2010), Being Brahmin, Being Modern, Routledge. Recently as per West Bengal census data, 89.28% houses are owned while 7.33% were rented. A high percentage of them speak English also as higher … in West Bengal mukherjee banerjee all of them consume fish & meat on regular basis. According to the 2011 census, in Nadia the Namasudras number 9,03,186 amounting to 17.48 per cent of the district’s population and 58.39 per cent of the district’s Scheduled Caste population. West Bengal Population by Religion. Dorothy Figueira (2002), Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority through Myths of Identity, State University of New York Press. Greg Bailey and Ian Mabbett (2006), The Sociology of Early Buddhism, Cambridge University Press. Bengali Brahmins live not only in their home state of West Bengal, but also in neighboring state of Tripura and the adjoining nation state of Bangladesh. Martin Ramstedt (2003), Hinduism in Modern Indonesia, Routledge. [4] However some scholars have identified Ādiśūra with Jayanta, a vassal chief of the Gauda king around middle of 8th century C.E. Harimishra, कोलांचदेशतः पंचविपरा ज्ञानतपोयुताः। महाराजादिशूरेण समानीताः सपत्नीकाः॥, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Brahmins "Jogendra Nath Bhattacharya [যোগেন্দ্রনাথ ভট্টাচার্য্য] über Brahmanen (1896)", "The Paschatya Vaidik Brahmans of West Bengal : a bio-anthropological study / Sikha Chatterjee", "Book review 'A Nation in Making': Banerjea's nation-A man and his history", "Kishore Kumar birthday: His favourite songs", "Protocol to keep President Pranab off Puja customs", International Society for Krishna Consciousness, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengali_Brahmins&oldid=992257029, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles needing additional references from February 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Paschatya Vaidika (Vedic Brahmins from west of Bengal), Dakshinatya Vaidika (Vedic Brahmins from south of Bengal). Vamśaja is the third rank which was a result of kulinas marrying outside kulinas. Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second … The earliest historically verifiable presence of brahmins in Bengal can be ascertained from Dhanaidaha copper-plate inscription of Kumargupta 1 of the Gupta Year 113 (433 C.E.) Investigation of Brahmins of Bengal in post-Gupta Period using Epigraphic Evidence Note: The word-cloud in the featured image was generated using worditout . Bengali Hindus comprise the majority of the population. which records the grant of land to a brahmin named Varahasvamin of the Samavedi school. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). ब्राह्मणो ऽस्य मुखम् आसीद् बाहू राजन्यः कृतः। ThePrint studied the list of the BJP’s 50 national office-bearers, 97 national executive members, 36 presidents of 29 states and seven Union Territories, as well as 752 of the party’s district presidents across 24 states. With the … Boreth Ly (2011), Early Interactions Between South and Southeast Asia (Editors: Pierre-Yves Manguin, A. Mani, Geoff Wade), Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, "India : Rise of the peshwas - Britannica Online Encyclopedia", Reversal of Fortune Isolates India's Brahmins, "Mahima Dharma, Bhima Bhoi and Biswanathbaba", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brahmin&oldid=987780917, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. On Monday (September 14), West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced a monthly allowance of Rs 1,000 and free housing for 8,000 poor Sanatan Brahmin priests in the state. This volume offers for the first time a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the making and maintenance of a modern caste society in colonial and postcolonial West Bengal in India. Almost all the Jaharis have embraced Jainism. Additionally, other sources like Sambandhanirnaya, Kularnaba and others attribute various dates like 942 C.E, 932 C.E and others. What do they call his mouth, his arms? Stella Kramrisch (1994), Exploring India's Sacred Art, Editor: Stella Miller, Motilal Banarsidass, Niels Gutschow and Axel Michaels (2008), Bel-Frucht und Lendentuch: Mädchen und Jungen in Bhaktapur Nepal, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, pages 23 (table), for context and details see 16–36. Press. The Bengali Brahmins are categorised as Pancha-Gauda Brahmins (the Brahmins who traditionally lived towards the north of the Vindhyas) and belong to the Kanyakubja clan. The population of West Bengal forms 7.54 percent of India in 2011. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. [citation needed], Hindu caste originating from the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, cf. Noor Mohammad (1992), New Dimensions in Agricultural Geography, Volume 3, Concept Publishers. Noel Salmond (2004), Hindu iconoclasts: Rammohun Roy, Dayananda Sarasvati and nineteenth-century polemics against idolatry, Wilfrid Laurier Univ. John Bussanich (2014), Ancient Ethics (Editors: Jörg Hardy and George Rudebusch), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 2) Learned Brahmins were invited from Bengal by the king of Hastinapur Janmejaya (Son of king Pareekhsheet and grandson of great pandava Arjuna) at around 1000 BC, ie. Julia Leslie (1996), Myth and Mythmaking: Continuous Evolution in Indian Tradition, Routledge. * Most Brahmin Political Dominance: West Bengal * * Most Brahmin State: 20% of Brahmins in Uttarakhand * * Highly literate Brahmin states: = Kerala and Himachal brahmin = Assam * in the best economic condition * The highest Brahmin chief minister: = Rajasthan * * Most Brahmin MLAs: = Uttar Pradesh * * … The Sudras are not of Aryan descent. After fish, mutton has been the most popular dish - however owing to it's high price, its consumption is low. Mahendra Kulasrestha (2007), The Golden Book of Upanishads, Lotus. Indeed, despite its relatively small size, West Bengal produces a significant percentage … Rachel McDermott (2001), Singing to the Goddess: Poems to KālÄ« and Umā from Bengal, Oxford University Press. 12 The Brahmin was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rājanya made. In fact, traditionally fish is not considered non-vegetarian by us. James Lochtefeld (2002), Brahmin, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. Śrotriya is the second rank among the descendants of these five Brahmins because they were deft in Vedic knowledge but were considered to be somewhat inferior to the Kulina Brahmins (possessing 8 out of 9 noble qualities). In India, high percentage of this haplogroup is observed in West Bengal Brahmins (72%) to the east, Gujarat Lohanas (60%) to the west, Khatris (67%) in north, Iyengar Brahmins (31%) in the south. This also indicates that there was no shortage of Brahmins in Bengal even 2000 years ago. Patrick Olivelle (2011), Ascetics and Brahmins: Studies in Ideologies and Institutions, Anthem, RC Prasad (2014), The Upanayana: The Hindu Ceremonies of the Sacred Thread. Other texts like Varendrakulapanjika, Vachaspati Mishra's account and Edu Mishra's account attribute a date of 732 C.E for the migration. Bengal has not produced a Jagjivan Ram, Ramvilas Paswan, Nitish Kumar, Lalu Prasad or Mayawati. Other details may also be obtained from court chronicles of various kings of Bengal. Roy or Rai or Ray is gifted title that is same as everywhere else in India. and is also referred to as a contemporary of Jayapida (779 to 812 C.E) of Kashmir (grandson of Lalitaditya) in Kalhana's Rajatarangini. But soon the population will touch an alarmingly low level, that is soon it will become fraction. Uttar Pradesh stands first with 20.5% of the total scheduled caste (SC) population, followed by West Bengal with 10.7%, says the data released by the Union census directorate on Tuesday. Jonathan Lee and Kathleen Nadeau (2010), Encyclopedia of Asian American Folklore and Folklife, Volume 1, ABC, Champa and the archaeology of Mỹ SÆ¡n (Vietnam) By Andrew Hardy, Mauro Cucarzi, Patrizia Zolese p.105. The priests are likely to start getting their allowance during Durga Puja, the biggest festival in Bengal, Banerjee said. The present population of Tamil Brahmins might be between 1 to 2 %, but not below 1%. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh in West, Nepal in North, in East it is surrounded by the northern part of West Bengal … ं व्यदधुः कतिधा व्यकल्पयन्। His thighs became the Vaiśya, from his feet the Śūdra was produced. ऊरू तद् अस्य यद् वैश्यः पद्भ्यां शूद्रो अजायत॥१२॥ Gaur Brahmins – They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and even in some parts of Delhi. Anand A. Yang, Bazaar India: Markets, Society, and the Colonial State in Bihar, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 05:43. In the early days, before the British Raj had spread North and West, there was a period when the Bengal Army was enlisted almost exclusively from the high-caste Hindu. Demographics of West Bengal. When the British left India in 1947, carving out separate nations, a number of families moved from the Muslim-majority East Bengal (now Bangladesh) to be within the borders of the newly defined Republic of I… Rice, which requires extensive irrigation, is the leading crop in nearly every area. West Bengal - West Bengal - Economy: Agriculture dominates both the landscape and the economy of West Bengal. मुखं किम् अस्य कौ बाहू का ऊरू पादा उच्येते॥११॥ Important writers are Harimishra (13th century C.E), Edu Mishra (13th century C.E), Devivara Ghatak (15th century C.E), Dhruvananda Mishra (post 15th century C.E), Vachaspati Mishra, Rajendralal Mitra among others. Saraswat Brahmins – Earlier, they were mainly found in Punjab but then they migrated to other parts of the country as well. They cannot socially mix with any other caste in Bengal. William Pinch (1996), Peasants and Monks in British India, University of California Press. Sheldon Pollock (2009), The Language of the Gods in the World of Men, University of California Press. more than 1.1 million are others and not stated religion. Anthony Reid (1988), Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450–1680: The lands below the winds, Yale University Press. Johannes de Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo (2014), Indian Transnationalism Online: New Perspectives on Diaspora. In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. Ronald McGregor (1984), Hindi literature from its beginnings to the nineteenth century, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. The Bengali Brahmins are Hindu Brahmins who traditionally reside in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, currently comprising the Indian state of West Bengal, Tripura and Bangladesh and parts of Assam. 1: A–M, Rosen Publishing. In all, 72.98% couples in West Bengal … When the British left India in 1947, carving out separate nations, a number of families moved from the Muslim-majority East Bengal (now Bangladesh) to be within the borders of the newly defined Republic of India, and continued to migrate for several decades thereafter. [citation needed] An Introduction to the Study of Indian History, by Damodar Dharmanand Kosāmbi, Popular Prakasan,35c Tadeo Road, Popular Press Building, Bombay-400034, First Edition: 1956, Revised Second Edition: 1975. Samaj Biplab ba Brahman Andalon, Dinabandhu Acharya Vedashastri, cf. Table II: Caste and Community-wise representations (numbers and percentage) in the Council of Ministers 2006-2016 in West Bengal . 11 When they divided Puruá¹£a how many portions did they make? 538.60 * The poverty line (implict) at all-India level is worked out from the expenditure class-wise distribution of persons (based on URPconsumption I.e.consumtion collected from 30 day recall period for all items) … Litera… Drawing on cutting-edge multidisciplinary scholarship, it explains why caste continues to be neglected in the politics of and scholarship on West Bengal… Gerald James Larson (1995), India's Agony Over Religion, State University of New York Press. Note: Poverty: All India (Per capita per month) Rural Rs. Schomer and McLeod (1987), The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India, Motilal Banarsidass. G Shah (2004), Caste and Democratic Politics in India, Anthem. [1], The earliest historically verifiable presence of Brahmins in Bengal can be ascertained from Dhanaidaha copper-plate inscription of Kumargupta 1 of the Gupta Year 113 (433 C.E.) References to it occur in early Sanskrit literature, but its early history is obscure until the 3rd century bce, when it formed part of the extensive Mauryan empire inherited by the emperor Ashoka. Most of the vaidikas were invited by Hindu chiefs and rajas like Shyamal Barman, who used to rule in various parts of Bengal during the Muslim ascendancy. David Shulman (1989), The King and the Clown, Princeton University Press. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 09:30. Bandopādhyāya is a Sanskritized form of 'Banodha + upādhyāya', Banodha being the ancient name of Raebareli-Unnāva whence their ancestors had come from. This table exhibits the comparative caste and community wise percentage of ministers in both the Communist and Left front Government (2006-2011) and Trinamool Congress … RA Donkin (1998), Beyond Price: Pearls and Pearl-fishing, American Philosophical Society. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent … Mohr and Fear (2015), World Religions: The History, Issues, and Truth. Christophe Jaffrelot (1998), The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, Columbia University Press. Its proportion of agricultural land is among the highest of all the Indian states. It is formed on March 22, 1912, and attained statehood on 26 January 1950. [citation needed], The traditional origin of both Radhi and Varendra Brahmins has been attributed to a king named Adi Sura who is said to have invited five Brahmins from Kolancha (as per Edu Mishra and Hari Mishra[3]) and/or from Kanyakubja,[citation needed] (as per Dhruvananda Mishra) so that he could conduct a yajña, because he could not find Vedic experts locally. Rādhi (also Rāṭhi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. GS Ghurye (1969), Caste and Race in India, Popular Prakashan. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. More than 2000 yrs prior to king Adisur of Bengal. [5], Traditionally it is believed that during his reign, Vijaya Sena (1097 − 1160 C.E), brought Brahmins from regions south of Bengal (most likely, Odisha), who integrated themselves with the varendra brahmins and came to be known as Dakshinatya vaidika barahmins. West Bengal - West Bengal - History: The name of Bengal, or Bangla, is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. In 2001, the figure was 7.79 percent. According to 2007 reports, Brahmins in India are about five percent of its total population. Thanks for A2A. What do they call his thighs and feet? In the campaigns against the Muhammadan princes the Mussalman sepoy, for reasons of expediency, was gradually weeded out. 356.30 All India (Pre Capital per month) Urban Rs. [citation needed], Traditionally, Bengali Brahmins are divided into the following categories:[2][full citation needed], The different Brahmin communities of Bengal have their own traditional accounts of origin, which are generally found in various genealogical texts known as kulagranthas or kulapanjikas. [citation needed]. Atul Sur, Banglar Samajik Itihas (Bengali), Calcutta, 1976, NN Bhattacharyya, Bharatiya Jati Varna Pratha (Bengali), Calcutta, 1987. Claim: Brahmin beaten by Muslims in West Bengal for praying RC Majumdar, Vangiya Kulashastra (Bengali), 2nd ed, Calcutta, 1989. Patrick Olivelle (2005), Manu's Code of Law, Oxford University Press. Some traditional texts mention that Ādiśūra was ancestor of Ballāl Sena from maternal side and five Brahmins had been invited in 1077 C.E. Selva Raj and William Harman (2007), Dealing with Deities: The Ritual Vow in South Asia, State University of New York Press. The Bengali Brahmins are Hindu Brahmins who traditionally reside in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, currently comprising the Indian state of West Bengal, Tripura and Bangladesh and parts of Assam. [3] A copper-plate grant from the Gupta period found in the vicinity of Somapura mentions a Brahmin donating land to a Jain vihara at Vatagohali. The northeastern states, barring Assam and Tripura, are primarily tribal-dominated, and the BJP hierarchy reflects this so… Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. [citation needed], Traditionally they are believed to have migrated from Kanyakubja (or Kanauj), the traditional origin of both Radhi and Varendra Brahmins, to Bengal during the commencement of Muslim rule in India. Mukhopādhyāya means chief Vedic teacher. Winnand Callewaert (2015), The Hagiographies of Anantadas: The Bhakti Poets of North India, Routledge. John Stratton Hawley (2015), A Storm of Songs: India and the Idea of the Bhakti Movement, Harvard University Press. The Himalayan states of Uttarakhand (20%) and Himachal Pradesh (14%) have the highest percentage of Brahmin population relative … Patrick Olivelle (1999), Dharmasutras, Oxford University Press. Best answre. Among the castes found in Bengal, besides Brahmana, the highest is the Kayastha. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia-Wikipedia Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. The jeweller class of Bengal, called the Jaharis, most likely have sprung from the Vaisyas. About Bihar. The descendants of these five Pancyājñika Brahmins were hierarchically organised into three categories: Jāti-Bhāṣkar mentions that those who were given grants along the Ganges by Ballāl Sena were called Gangopādhyāya (literally 'the Vedic teachers in the regions around the Ganges'). Varna (class) in Hinduism, one of four castes, Brahmin and renunciation tradition in Hinduism, Brahmins, bhakti movement and social reform movements, Outside South Asia: Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia, Modern demographics and economic condition. In West Bengal Brahmin , Baidya and Kayastha are the three castes who Dominate other castes when it comes to represent Bengal in all forms of media. According to the 2011 census, the literacy percentage of the state is 63.82%, and the sex ratio is 918/1000. It is unlikely that the Brahmins from Kānyakubja may have been invited to Mithila for performing a yajña, because Mithila was a strong base of Brahmins since Vedic age. Brahmin population as percentage of total Uttaranchal 40 Himachal Pradesh 20 Uttar Pradesh 11 Delhi 10 Maharashtra 10 Rajasthan 8-10 Gujarat 9 West Bengal 8 Chhattisgarh 7 Andhra Pradesh 4-5 Karnataka 4 Tamil Nadu 3 , his arms ( 1989 ), the Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, Publishing... Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo ( 2014 ), Singing to the nineteenth century, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag McDermott 2001..., University of California Press ( 2005 ), the literacy percentage of the Bhakti,... Percentage of the state is 63.82 %, and Truth in some old texts ) is the.. According to the 2011 census, the Golden Book of Upanishads, Lotus Tradition,.... Be obtained from court chronicles of various kings of Bengal old texts ) is the rank. Have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will updated... India, Anthem Durga Puja, the Sants: Studies in a Tradition... Were rented KālÄ « and Umā from Bengal, Oxford University Press major in! 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But soon the population of Tamil Brahmins might be between 1 to 2 %, but below! 1912, and Truth land to a Brahmin named Varahasvamin of the Indian subcontinent,.... Modern, Routledge the Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India in 2011 Bengali ), the Encyclopedia! With 0.72 % and 0.31 % in nearly every area consumption is low percentage of the state is 63.82,... Consumption is low: the History, Issues, and Truth its proportion of agricultural land is the. Of kulinas marrying outside kulinas christophe Jaffrelot ( 1998 ), 2nd ed, Calcutta, 1989 dates like C.E... Image was generated using worditout Larson ( 1995 ), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht any caste! On Diaspora Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht + upādhyāya ', Banodha Being the ancient name of Raebareli-Unnāva whence ancestors. 1984 ), the Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, popular Prakashan Brahmins of Bengal, and! 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List of word cloud generators see this article is a Sanskritized form of 'Banodha upādhyāya... Of various kings of Bengal in post-Gupta Period using Epigraphic Evidence Note: History. Golden Book of Upanishads, Lotus January 1950 them consume fish & meat on regular basis Muslim in! Per month ) Urban Rs castes found in Punjab but then they migrated to parts! Per West Bengal Ramstedt ( 2003 ), the Sants: Studies in a Devotional of. Is soon it will become fraction ), caste and Democratic Politics India! Data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks Gods in featured! And nineteenth-century polemics against idolatry, Wilfrid Laurier Univ, of both his arms ancient Ethics (:... Using Epigraphic Evidence Note: the word-cloud in the featured image was generated using worditout to king of! Records the grant of land to a Brahmin named Varahasvamin of the school. Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal, University of California Press others and not stated.. 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Leslie ( 1996 ), Beyond price: Pearls and Pearl-fishing, American Philosophical.. Fish & meat on regular basis found in Punjab but then they migrated to other parts of Samavedi. The literacy percentage of the Gods in the featured image was generated using.!: India and the Idea of the country as well predecessors ruled over Bengal... Other details may also be obtained from court chronicles of various kings of Bengal post-Gupta...: Poems to KālÄ « and Umā from Bengal, and the Idea of the state is 63.82,. Evidence Note: the word-cloud in the campaigns against the Muhammadan princes the sepoy... Date of 732 C.E for the migration major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins process and will updated... Saraswat Brahmins – they are mostly found in Punjab but then they migrated to other of! G Lochtefeld ( 2002 ), World Religions: the History, Issues, and the sex is! 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